Last Monarchs of Historical Kingdoms & Empires

In ancient times the world was ruled by kings and emperors. While they had their own methods to rule over their subjects, one commonality among them was the fact that they all eventually lost their kingdoms and empires. Do you know the last monarchs of historical kingdoms and empires? In this list we have compiled the names of monarchs who reigned over the demise of their dynasty.

Also Known As: Şahbaba, Mehmed VI Vahideddin, Mehmed bin Abdul Mecid
Birthday: 14 January 1861
Born In: Dolmabahçe Palace, İstanbul, Turkey
Died On: 16 May 1926
Century: 20th Century

Mehmed VI was the last Sultan (Emperor) of the Ottoman Empire who reigned from 1918 to 1922. In 1922, the Ottoman Sultanate (Empire) was abolished after the First World War and Mehmed VI stepped down as the emperor. The Sultanate was then superseded by the Republic of Turkey in 1923.

Also Known As: Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte
Birthday: 20 April 1808
Born In: Paris, France
Died On: 09 January 1873
Century: 19th Century

Napoleon III was the last Emperor of the French who reigned from 1852 to 1870. After serving as the first President of France from 1848 to 1852, Napoleon III seized power by force as he could not be reelected constitutionally. He then proclaimed himself Emperor and founded the Second Empire. He reigned as the Emperor of the French until the French Army was defeated by Prussia and its allies in 1870 at the Battle of Sedan. 

3. Romulus Augustus

Also Known As: Flavius Romulus Augustus
Birthday: 460
Born In: Ravenna
Died On: 476
Century: 19th Century

Romulus Augustus was the last Roman emperor of the West. In 475, Augustus was placed on the throne by his father Orestes. As Augustus was still a minor, he only served as a figurehead for Orestes due to political reasons. Just ten months into his reign, barbarian general Flavius Odoacer killed Orestes and dethroned Romulus Augustulus. His deposition marked the political fall of the Western Roman Empire as Odoacer did not officially announce any successor.

Also Known As: Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert, Wilhelm II, German Emperor
Birthday: 27 January 1859
Born In: Berlin, Germany
Died On: 04 June 1941
Century: 19th Century, 20th Century

Wilhelm II was the last German Emperor who reigned from 1888 until his abdication in 1918. His abdication, which was brought about by a series of German defeats in the First World War, brought an end to a three-hundred-year reign of the House of Hohenzollern. After his abdication, the monarchy was abolished and Germany was converted into a democratic state, which came to be known as the Weimar Republic.

Also Known As: Francis II
Birthday: 12 February 1768
Born In: Florence, Italy
Died On: 02 March 1835
Century: 18th Century, 19th Century

Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor was the last Holy Roman Emperor who reigned from 1792 to 1806. In 1806, Francis abdicated as Holy Roman Emperor after the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine by Napoléon Bonaparte. The War of the Third Coalition brought about the Treaty of Pressburg which in turn brought about the fall of the Holy Roman Empire.