Last Monarchs of Historical Kingdoms & Empires

In ancient times the world was ruled by kings and emperors. While they had their own methods to rule over their subjects, one commonality among them was the fact that they all eventually lost their kingdoms and empires. Do you know the last monarchs of historical kingdoms and empires? In this list we have compiled the names of monarchs who reigned over the demise of their dynasty.
Also Known As: Liliʻu Loloku Walania Kamakaʻeha
Birthday: 02 September 1838
Born In: Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
Died On: 11 November 1917
Century: 19th Century, 20th Century

Liliʻuokalani was the last monarch of the Hawaiian Kingdom who reigned from 1891 to 1893. The only queen regnant of the Hawaiian Kingdom, Liliʻuokalani faced rebellion from her subjects, foreign residents, and United States citizens. The revolutionaries forced her to abdicate the throne and then formed the Republic of Hawaii, effectively overthrowing the 98-year-old monarchy.

2. Constantine XI Palaiologos

Constantine XI Palaiologos
Also Known As: Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos, Dragaš Palaeologus
Birthday: 08 February 1405
Born In: Istanbul, Turkey
Died On: 29 May 1453
Constantine XI Palaiologos was the last Byzantine emperor who reigned from 1449 to 1453. Constantine's death at his final battle against the Ottomans and the fall of Constantinople marked the end of the famous Byzantine Empire. Interestingly, the empire traced its genesis to the establishment of Constantinople, which served as the capital city of the Roman Empire in 330. Since Byzantine Empire was regarded as the Roman Empire's continuation, Constantine's death effectively marked the
Also Known As: Cleopatra VII Philopator, Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator
Birthday: 69
Born In: Alexandria, Egypt
Died On: August 30
Century: 1st Century

Cleopatra was the last active ruler of the famous Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt. After her demise, Egypt was annexed by the Roman Empire. Cleopatra's death marked the fall of the Ptolemaic Kingdom. It also marked the end of the Hellenistic period as Egypt was made a province of the Roman Empire.

Also Known As: Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert, Wilhelm II, German Emperor
Birthday: 27 January 1859
Born In: Berlin, Germany
Died On: 04 June 1941
Century: 19th Century, 20th Century

Wilhelm II was the last German Emperor who reigned from 1888 until his abdication in 1918. His abdication, which was brought about by a series of German defeats in the First World War, brought an end to a three-hundred-year reign of the House of Hohenzollern. After his abdication, the monarchy was abolished and Germany was converted into a democratic state, which came to be known as the Weimar Republic.

Also Known As: Emperor Bahadur Shah II, Mirza Abu Zafar Siraj-ud-din Muhammad
Birthday: 24 October 1775
Born In: Delhi, India
Died On: 07 November 1862
Century: 18th Century, 19th Century

Bahadur Shah Zafar was the last Mughal Emperor of India. He succeeded his father Akbar II and reigned as the 20th Mughal Emperor from 1837 until the British East India Company established its rule in India. In 1857, he was exiled to Rangoon for his involvement in the Indian Rebellion of 1857. After his departure, the Mughal Empire was abolished in India.